This paper gives an overview of the finite element modelling of spot welds for the analysis of the dynamic response of structures. In particular models for dynamic analysis that use coarse meshes and equivalent parameters are considered. A major requirement for these models is their accuracy in predicting the dynamic behaviour of spot welded structures despite the low number of degrees of freedom. Three different models of spot welds are investigated [1–3] and for each model physical parameters have to be assigned based on engineering insight. The aim of the present paper is to improve the accuracy of these three models by searching for the optimum values of the parameters characterising the spot weld models using experimental data. For this purpose a benchmark structure has been analysed, consisting of a thin walled hat section beam made of two plates welded together by twenty spot welds. The predicted natural frequencies and modes of the benchmark structure have been compared to the experimental modes. Updating of the finite element models has been performed and the accuracy of the three models has been significantly improved.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.