The multiple quality aspects of robust design have brought more and more attention in the advancement of robust design methods. Neither the Taguchi’s signal-to-noise ratio nor the weighted-sum method is adequate in addressing designer’s preference in making tradeoffs between the mean and variance attributes. An interactive multiobjective robust design procedure that follows upon the developments on relating utility function optimization to a multiobjective programming method has been proposed by the authors. This paper is an extension of our previous work on this topic. It presents a formal procedure for deriving a quadratic utility function at a candidate solution as an approximation of the efficient frontier to explore alternative robust design solutions. The proposed procedure is investigated at different locations of candidate solutions, with different ranges of interest, and for efficient frontiers with both convex and nonconvex behaviors. This quadratic utility function provides a decision maker with new information regarding how to choose a most preferred Pareto solution. As an integral part of the interactive robust design procedure, the proposed method assists designers in adjusting the preference structure and exploring alternative efficient robust design solutions. It eliminates the needs of solving the original bi-objective optimization problem repeatedly using new preference structures, which is often a computationally expensive task for problems in a complex domain. Though demonstrated for robust design problems, the principle is also applicable to any bi-objective optimization problems.

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