Thermal efficiency and safety of Generation-IV nuclear-power-reactor concept - Supercritical Water-cooled Reactor (SCWR) depend on solid knowledge of specifics of SCW thermophysical properties and heat transfer within these conditions. As a preliminary, but conservative approach to uncover these specifics is analysis of experimental data obtained in bare tubes including numerical investigation. This paper presents the numerical investigation, based on computational fluid dynamics, of the heat-transfer characteristics of SCW flow in a 4-m long circular tube (ID = 10 mm). The flow and heat-transfer mechanism of SCW in the vertical tube under the influence of buoyancy and flow acceleration are analyzed. Results of numerical simulation predict the experimental data with reasonable accuracy. The results indicated that in the region of q/G > 0.4 kJ/kg, the wall temperature distribution tends to be non-linear, and heat transfer may deteriorate. When Tb < Tpc < Tw, internal wall temperature shows peaks, which corresponds to heat-transfer deterioration. Meanwhile the position, where the deterioration occurs is continuously moved forward to the inlet as the heat flux increases. Velocity changes near the wall show an M shape according to mass conservation for the density change.