In studying the fluid flow and heat transfer in microchannels and minichannels, various claims have been made regarding transition at Reynolds numbers significantly below 2300. As a first step in identifying the reasons for such reports on early transition, the effect of entrance geometry on the pressure drop and transition to turbulence was studied in a conventional channel of 19 mm inside diameter (Kandlikar and Campbell ). As a second step, the effect of entrance condition on pressure drop and transition to turbulence is studied in small channels with diameters of 1.067 mm and 0.457 mm. The two entrance conditions employed for both channels are re-entrant and smooth. The experimental results show the effect of entrance condition on local friction factor, transition Reynolds number, and Hagenbach’s factor.
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Effect of Entrance Condition on Frictional Losses and Transition to Turbulence in Minichannel Flows
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Campbell, LA, & Kandlikar, S. "Effect of Entrance Condition on Frictional Losses and Transition to Turbulence in Minichannel Flows." Proceedings of the ASME 2004 2nd International Conference on Microchannels and Minichannels. ASME 2nd International Conference on Microchannels and Minichannels. Rochester, New York, USA. June 17–19, 2004. pp. 229-235. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICMM2004-2339
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