The rapid growth of eco-friendly biomass derived fuels in transportation requires a fundamental understanding of the uniqueness of their oxidation and combustion characteristics. This paper focuses on one specific class of biofuels, namely Fatty Acids Ethyl Esters (FAEE). A counterflow configuration was employed to measure the extinction limits of the diffusion flames of four ethyl esters (ethyl-butanoate, pentanoate, heptanoate, and nonanoate). The results were compared to that of methyl esters (Diévart et al., 2012, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 34). It was observed that both methyl esters and ethyl esters exhibit similar high temperature reactivity against extinction. The use of the transport-weighted enthalpy metric has revealed that all esters share similar chemical kinetics in the near extinction conditions of the present study. A previous detailed kinetic model has been extended to include the oxidation chemistry of ethyl esters, and used to interpret the experimental observations. Good agreement between the computed and experimental extinction limits was observed. The rates of consumption pathway analysis have shown that ethyl esters exclusively decomposed into ethylene and a carboxylic acid through an endothermic six-centered unimolecular decomposition reaction, while methyl esters oxidation preferentially progresses through H abstraction reactions. However, the growth of the radical pool was observed to be driven indifferently between ethyl and methyl esters, therefore resulting in similar global flame reactivity.
- Heat Transfer Division
A Comparative Study of the Kinetics of Ethyl and Methyl Esters in Diffusion Flame Extinction
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Diévart, P, Gong, J, & Ju, Y. "A Comparative Study of the Kinetics of Ethyl and Methyl Esters in Diffusion Flame Extinction." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2013 7th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and the ASME 2013 11th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology. Volume 2: Heat Transfer Enhancement for Practical Applications; Heat and Mass Transfer in Fire and Combustion; Heat Transfer in Multiphase Systems; Heat and Mass Transfer in Biotechnology. Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. July 14–19, 2013. V002T05A005. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2013-17086
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