Detailed experimental investigations were carried out at the Siemens test-facility in Berlin to validate and develop further the compressor design of the Model V84.3 gas turbine and to generate a comprehensive data base for the verification of the flow calculation programs. The test facility enables Siemens to confirm the design with regard to performance and reliability in the full scale machine under full load and off-design condition.
Various measuring techniques well established in the laboratory were applied to the full scale compressor to examine the flow field. Along with rather conventional 5-hole probes for measuring the flow field in the core region, miniaturized 3-hole probes were developed at the Turbomachinery Laboratory of the Technical University of Aachen, tested and finally used for the measurements of endwall boundary layer profiles and their development throughout the compressor. In addition to the probe measurements, wall static-pressure measurements, as well as probed vane measurements, were carried out.
The paper briefly describes the test facility, the compressor under investigation, and the instrumentation for the flow measurements. A comparison of the 3-hole and 5-hole probe measurements is presented. The experimental results are compared with calculated results taken from a two-dimensional off-design calculation program with standard loss models. By means of the measured static-pressure rise at the casing wall and the total pressure distributions downstream of the rotor rows, a modification of the loss modeling was performed. The calculated flow field is compared to the results of the 3-hole and 5-hole probe measurements in terms of radial distributions for flow angle. Mach number and total pressure.