This paper deals with the use of the infinite line pressure probes (ILP) to measure fluctuating pressures in hot environments in turbomachinery applications. These probes, sometimes called waveguide measuring systems, and composed of a series of lines and cavities are using a remote pressure sensor. Ideally they should form a non-resonant system. This is however not always the case and the frequency response of these systems is of course limited by the tubing (diameter and length) but is also highly dependent on other geometrical parameters like sudden expansions or discontinuities in the tubing, or parasite cavities. The development of a new model for ILP simulation, based on the analogy between the propagation of the pressure waves in a line-cavity system and the electrical transmission line, is presented. Unlike the models based on the Bergh and Tijdeman equations, this approach allows the simulation of systems presenting parallel branches. This makes the model appropriate for the prediction of the frequency response of ILP. The model is validated by a comparison of the results with the theory of Bergh and Tijdeman, and with experimental results from the literature and from shock tube tests. Finally, the model is applied for the optimization of ILPs, representative of the systems used in the aeronautics industry, and compared to the experimental results performed on an axial compressor. In those tests, a typical ILP geometry is installed on the compressor casing to measure static pressure fluctuations in the rotor tip gap. Simultaneous measurements with a fast response flush-mounted sensor provided data for comparison and validation of the predicted transfer function.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
On the Determination of the Transfer Function of Infinite Line Pressure Probes for Turbomachinery Applications
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Van de Wyer, N, Brouckaert, J, & Miorini, RL. "On the Determination of the Transfer Function of Infinite Line Pressure Probes for Turbomachinery Applications." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Ceramics; Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation. Copenhagen, Denmark. June 11–15, 2012. pp. 883-894. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2012-69563
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