While aircraft environmental performance has been important since the beginnings of commercial aviation, continuously increasing passenger traffic and a rise in public awareness have made aircraft noise and emissions two of the most pressing issues hampering commercial aviation growth today. The focus of this study is to determine the feasibility of vey-high bypass ratio, geared and contra-rotating aero engines (see figures 2–4) for short range commercial aircraft in terms of economics and environment. This involves optimising the engines’ design point to minimise the direct operating cost and evaluating the economic and environmental impact. The results present a great potential benefit of the geared turbofan compared to high BPR one (baseline) to reduce DOC; however this may involve NOx penalties, that is an increase of 11.6% in comparison to the baseline. The CRTF engine seems to be, at least according to the simulations, a very promising solution in terms of environmental and economical performance. This is one on the series of work that would be carried out using the design tool proposed. Further work on the assessment of more radical turbofans at different economical and environmental scenarios would be published when completed.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
Future Aero-Engines’ Optimisation for Minimal Operating Costs
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Colmenares, F, Pascovici, D, Ogaji, S, Pilidis, P, Garci´a, A, & Latorre, L. "Future Aero-Engines’ Optimisation for Minimal Operating Costs." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 2: Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power. Berlin, Germany. June 9–13, 2008. pp. 417-422. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2008-50127
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