A casing treatment with axial and radial skewed slots ending in a plenum chamber has experimentally been investigated at a highly subsonic axial compressor stage. The aim was to investigate the physical phenomenon of this treatment family that is responsible for the stabilization of the blade passage flow and the drop in efficiency mostly observed. The experimentally gained performance results of this configuration showed an extension of the operating range by approximately 50%, while the efficiency for design conditions is reduced by 1.4%. Apart from this, operating points at part load conditions have been observed nearly without any loss in efficiency. The detailed flow analysis is performed by means of results from a 3D pneumatic probe with temperature sensor and a dynamic total pressure probe. The focus of the investigations is on the incidence flow to the compressor rotor, the tip clearance vortex flow in combination with the wall stall separation region and the blade stall due to suction side separation. The casing treatment configuration is investigated with a special interest in detecting those effects which have an impact on the stability and the compressor overall efficiency, including the interaction of the rotor and the stator flow fields.

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