In engine structural life computations, it is common practice to assign a life of certain number of start-stop cycles based on a standard flight or mission. This is done during design through detailed calculations of stresses and temperatures for a standard flight, and the use of material property and failure models. The limitation of the design phase stress and temperature calculations is that they cannot take into account actual operating temperatures and stresses. This limitation results in either very conservative life estimates and subsequent wastage of good components, or in catastrophic damage because of highly aggressive operational conditions which were not accounted for in design. In order to improve significantly the accuracy of the life prediction, the component temperatures and stresses need to be computed for actual operating conditions. However, thermal and stress models are very detailed and complex, and it could take on the order of a few hours to complete a stress and temperature simulation of critical components for a flight. The objective of this work is to develop dynamic neural network models, that would enable us to compute the stresses and temperatures at critical locations, in orders of magnitude less computation time than required by more detailed thermal and stress models. This work expands on the work done previously  where a linear system identification approach was developed. The current paper describes the development of a neural network model and the temperature results achieved in comparison with the original models for Honeywell turbine and compressor components. Given certain inputs such as engine speed and gas temperatures for the flight, the models compute the component critical location temperatures for the same flight in a very small fraction of time it would take the original thermal model to compute.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
Neural Network Models for Usage Based Remaining Life Computation
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Parthasarathy, G, Menon, S, Richardson, K, Jameel, A, McNamee, D, Desper, T, Gorelik, M, & Hickenbottom, C. "Neural Network Models for Usage Based Remaining Life Computation." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 5: Marine; Microturbines and Small Turbomachinery; Oil and Gas Applications; Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B. Barcelona, Spain. May 8–11, 2006. pp. 995-1002. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2006-91099
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