Organic vapor flows are met in a wide range of technical applications (e.g., energy conversion, chemical processes, and refrigeration). Typically, organic fluids contain complex molecules, and their thermodynamic behavior deviates significantly from the ideal or perfect gas laws. The applicability of scaling laws to organic vapor flows is very limited, and there is a need for detailed experimental investigations under relevant process conditions. Furthermore, such investigations can provide a validation basis for the simulations performed with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) tools. On the other hand, there exists a serious lack in experimental organic vapor flow test facilities. In this contribution, a novel Closed Loop Organic vapor Wind Tunnel (CLOWT) is presented. The concept of CLOWT is based on a closed-loop continuously running wind tunnel cycle. Its main components are a blower, a diffuser, a settling chamber, a contraction zone, a test section module, and a return, including a throttle valve and a mass flow meter. The test facility CLOWT applies the modular design approach which enables analysis of various flow configurations and components like blowers, small axial test turbines, nozzle flows or transonic flows past test objects. Thanks to an auxiliary heating system, organic vapor flows can be investigated at elevated pressure and temperature levels. The operation of CLOWT is based on closed gas turbine cycle control methods (e.g., inventory control). In addition to the general test facility concept, the paper gives a detailed discussion of the CLOWT special design features.
- Fluids Engineering Division
CLOWT: A Multifunctional Test Facility for the Investigation of Organic Vapor Flows
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Reinker, F, Kenig, EY, & aus der Wiesche, S. "CLOWT: A Multifunctional Test Facility for the Investigation of Organic Vapor Flows." Proceedings of the ASME 2018 5th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting. Volume 2: Development and Applications in Computational Fluid Dynamics; Industrial and Environmental Applications of Fluid Mechanics; Fluid Measurement and Instrumentation; Cavitation and Phase Change. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. July 15–20, 2018. V002T14A004. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2018-83076
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