The aim of this experimental study is to investigate the mass flow rate of the lubricating oil in a hermetic reciprocating compressor. Essential parameters affecting the performance of the lubrication are the rotational speed of the crankshaft, the viscosity of the oil, the operating temperature and the submersion depth of the crankshaft. An experimental setup was built as to measure the oil mass flow rate with respect to the oil temperature variation during different operating conditions. The influence of the governing parameters such as the rotational speed, temperature (viscosity) and the submersion depth on the mass flow rate from crankshaft outlet are studied in detail. In addition, the oil flow visualization from the upper hole of the crankshaft is performed using a high-speed camera in order to observe the effectiveness of the lubrication of the various parts of the compressor. This study reveals that with increasing rotational speed, the submersion depth of the crankshaft and with decreasing viscosity of the lubricant, the mass flow rate from the crankshaft increases.

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