A control-oriented model is presented that can capture the prior-cycle correlation of combustion cycles during conditions with high levels of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). Combustion events are modeled in discrete time and the dynamic evolution is captured by the residual air, fuel, and inert gas trapped in the combustion chamber. The mathematical formulation of the model is presented together with the calibration procedure to emulate a particular engine operating condition. A cycle-to-cycle system identification methodology is described which allows regressing model parameters from experimental data. Simulations are presented and compared to real engine measurements to show the modeling potential for analysis and control of combustion events.

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