Accurate calculation of the conditions (i.e., temperature, pressure, and enthalpy) of internal combustion engine cylinder exhaust is critical to the modeling of, and control design development for, gas exchange in modern and future diesel engine systems. In this paper, a physically-based model for cylinder exhaust temperature, pressure, and enthalpy for engines equipped with variable valve actuation is outlined and extensively validated against experimental data from 193 operating points. The model takes the known conditions when the intake valves close and steps through a polytropic compression process, constant pressure combustion process beginning at top-dead center, and a polytropic expansion process to achieve the desired results when the exhaust valves open. To incorporate the flexibility of modulating the intake valve opening and closing, the effective compression ratio is used to establish the conditions when the intake valves close. Experimental model validation, via a unique multi-cylinder diesel engine utilizing fully flexible intake valve actuation, shows that the model captures the influences of all of the model inputs: engine speed, charge flow, total fueling quantity, intake manifold pressure, and effective compression ratio.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.