The bottom configuration of a vertical finite-length cylinder is an important factor to examine the convective heat transfer by film boiling around a vertical finite-length cylinder, as the vapor generated under the bottom surface grows thicker during flowing upward along the vertical lateral surface and finally leaves the top surface as bubbles. In this study, four types of silver cylinder with a vertical lateral length equal to the diameter of 32mm were prepared for the possible combinations of bottom and top configurations: with a flat bottom and a flat top, with a flat bottom and a curved top, with a curved bottom and a flat top, and with a curved bottom and a curved top, where “flat” refers to “horizontal” and “curved” to “convex hemispherical”. Quenching experiments have been carried out for the test cylinders for saturated and subcooled water at atmospheric pressure. The initial temperature in the measurement is 600 °C. Boiling curves were obtained from the cooling curves measured using a K-type thermocouple inserted near the center on the axis of the test cylinder and the film boiling process was observed by still and high speed video cameras. The following results were obtained from the experiments using four types of test cylinder. 1. For saturated water, the test cylinders are entirely covered with a thick continuous vapor film, however, the effect of bottom configuration on film boiling heat transfer is appeared within 18% in terms of the wall heat flux averaged over the entire surface depending on the vapor fluid flow on the bottom and vertical lateral surfaces. 2. For the cylinders with a flat bottom surface, the wall heat flux averaged over the entire surface increases significantly with an increase in liquid sub cooling. This is attributed to that the convective heat transfer and the surface area ratio on the vertical lateral surface are predominant and govern the total heat transfer. 3. The effects of the cylinder top configurations on the film boiling heat transfer are small as the heat transfer on the top surface is small compared with that on the vertical lateral surface. 4. The differences between film boiling characteristics due to the bottom and top configurations are explained by examining the average heat transfer coefficient composed of the heat transfer coefficient and the surface area ratio on each surface. 5. The minimum wall superheat corresponding to the vapor-film-collapse is almost constant at 133K for four types of test cylinder in saturated water. In subcooled water, the minimum wall superheat for the cylinders with a flat bottom surface is larger than that for the cases with a convex hemispherical bottom surface.
- Heat Transfer Division
Effect of the Bottom and Top Configurations on Pool Film Boiling Around a Vertical Finite-Length Cylinder
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Momoki, S, Araki, K, Shigechi, T, Yamada, T, Toyoda, K, Yamaguchi, T, & Odgerel, J. "Effect of the Bottom and Top Configurations on Pool Film Boiling Around a Vertical Finite-Length Cylinder." Proceedings of the ASME/JSME 2011 8th Thermal Engineering Joint Conference. ASME/JSME 2011 8th Thermal Engineering Joint Conference. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. March 13–17, 2011. T10216. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/AJTEC2011-44122
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